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What Are Basic Car Repairs You Should Know

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  • car repairs, repairs, maintenance, DIY, DIY repairs
  • Posted date:
  • 04-01-2022
What Are Basic Car Repairs You Should Know

As a car owner, how much should you know to keep your car working? We look at basic car repairs you should know. From changing oil to changing brake pads here are some tips for DIY  car repairs.

Basic Car Repairs Everyone Should Know

Changing Oil

Changing your car's oil regularly is absolutely key to ensuring that the vehicle runs smoothly. The changing on oil is also vital to ensuring your vehicle has a long lifespan. 

Having the ability to change your car's oil is one of the most fundamental DIY skills when it comes to car repair and maintenance. It is the type of skill any amateur mechanic should have in their toolbox. 

The basic steps for changing your car's oil involves draining all the oil by removing the vehicle's oil drain plug. The next step is to unscrew the oil filter. 

After emptying it, put the drain plug and oil filter back where you found them and then remove the oil filler hole cap and pour in your fresh oil. It may sound complex at first, but it is the type of simple procedure that can be learnt from watching videos online.

Changing a flat tire

Wheels are by far the most important part of your vehicle, so it's of the utmost importance that you keep them in good shape. Your tires may go flat once in a while. but this doesn't have to be a disaster. A tire can easily be replaced.

The basic steps begin with loosening the lug nuts by using a wrench and then using a jack stand to lift the car up off the ground. 

At this point, you should remove the lug nuts and tire. The next step is as simple as placing on your spare tire and wrenching the lug nuts back on. Of course, lower your car and ensure the lug nuts are tight enough. Then you're off!

Changing spark plugs

I'm sure you know what a spark plug is and what it does, but do you know how to replace them? Spark plugs are small devices that sit inside the cylinder that ignites the car's gasoline. 

Unfortunately, they do wear out every so often, about every 10,000 miles. Fixing isn't too hard, though!

First, locate your spark plugs and remove the spark plug wiring. After this, remove the spark plug itself and insert your new replacement. Be sure to check the wire is back in place then you're all done! It's that easy.

What Are Basic Car Repairs You Should Know

Removing scratches from paint

No one likes their vehicles to be scratched. Even the smallest, seemingly insignificant, scratches can be seen from quite a ways away and can kill the appearance of your precious car. 

If you find yourself in a body shop trying to get one of these scratches fixed, then you may have to fork out thousands of pounds. If you have a little patience, then the procedure can be solved at home with just a little DIY.

Firstly, determine how deep the scratch is. Shallow or extremely deep? Next, sand the area lightly. Clean the area and apply rubbing compounds. You will need to polish the area with the rubbing compound too. Finally, wash and wax the problem area to seal the repair. There we go, you're done, and you've just saved yourself a lot of money.

Changing a car battery

It always feels like your car battery dies at the worst time possible, in the middle of nowhere at 11 pm or halfway up a hill. In these situations, your best bet is to call a tow truck or some kind of roadside assistance. But if you're just at home and your battery is showing signs that it may need replacing, then a simple DIY method is quite possible if you're capable.

Firstly, remove any covers from the battery and disconnect the negative cables. Moving the battery's clamp away from the battery post. You'll need to do exactly the same for the positive cable clamp too. 

Next, remove all the screws from the battery and replace the older battery with the new one. Finally, you'll need to reconnect the cable clamps you removed earlier. A top trick is to label your cables before you remove them, so you don't get confused later.

Replacing A Headlight Or Taillight

Replacing a headlight or taillight

If you've experienced having a broken taillight or headlight, then you'll know that not only is it highly inconvenient, it is also illegal. This means you will have to replace them as soon as they begin to fade. You could waste money at a mechanic, who will likely overcharge, but why do that when the DIY solution is so simple?

The process begins with the removal of the screws which connect the headlight frame to the bracket. Next, you must disconnect the electrical connector and remove the faulty bulb. At this stage, install your new bulb and plug the connector back on. Of course, replace the frame too, and then you're done.

Be careful to see whether your frame may be broken, this can also be hazardous but isn't a bulb issue.

Replacing Wipers

Windshield wipers are vital to your safety when within your vehicle. If they failed on you in the midst of heavy rainfall or a huge snowstorm, then not only would your vehicle be damaged, but your ability to drive safely would be at an all-time low. This is why faulty wiper blades always need to be replaced as soon as possible. It is highly important that your windshield wipers are always in top shape. If you do need to replace a wiper, this is how.

Lift the wiper arm away from your windshield, there will be a small tab you can press. Depress this tab and then pull off the wiper blade. Carefully lineup the new wiper blade with the arm, make sure you push it in tightly. That's done! If you need extra help, watch a video tutorial while going through the process.

Replacing air filters

Air filters are consistently one of the most overlooked pieces of a car. They keep your engine free of all kinds of contaminants such as dust. The filters are inexpensive and quite easy to replace, so ensuring that your car's engine is squeaky clean is another classic easy DIY trick.

First, open the hood of your car, locate the air filter unit and remove the air filter cover. Once this is done, take the air filter out and clean the housing. There may be all manner of dust and other dirt in here. After the cleaning is done, insert the new filter. Replace the cover, and then you're finished. Your air filters should be changed around every 30,000 miles.

Changing brake pads

Of course, we all know, brakes are one of the most vital parts of your vehicles for ensuring that you are completely safe with driving. Huge amounts of car accidents occur because of brake failure, so it is important that your car's brakes are always in the perfect condition. Luckily, changing the brake pads on a car is just as easy as changing a tire.

The first step is to loosen the lug nuts of the wheels. Next, just like with replacing a tire, jack up the car and then remove the wheels. At this point, remove the slider bolts and remove the old brake pads. You should replace them with new ones and then put the slider bolts back exactly where you found them.

Changing Brake Pads

Jumpstarting a car

Though jumpstarting a car isn't necessarily a repair, it is certainly a fundamental skill that everyone should know. If your car won't start, you don't want to have to call roadside assistance every time.

First, take out your jumper cables. Put both the vehicles you need for this procedure in neutral, and then shut the ignition right off. Now, this is where you need to be careful. Attach one of the red clips to the positive terminal of your battery and the other to the positive terminal of the battery in the other car. Now, attach one of the black clips to the negative terminal of the other car's battery. Attach the other end to an unpainted metal surface. Try starting your car now, did it work? You're done!

When do I need an auto body shop or car repair garage?

After learning all of those skills, you may feel like you'll never need to visit an auto body shop or car repair garage ever again. But unfortunately, this isn't strictly true. There are some major issues that you will not be able to fix in a DIY style at home. If your car is damaged during a collision, then you will need the services of an auto body repair shop.

Some of the services they can provide for you are replacing a cracked windshield, replacing damaged rear-view mirrors and windows, taking out dents and other surface defects, fixing paint chips, evaluating and repairing any bumper damage, and more.


Body Shop Near Me

Have you wanted to know how do bodyshops fix dents? Need car dent repairs in Great Dunmow, Chelmsford, Harlow or Essex? If you are in Great Dunmow, then come and require dents to be removed, contact us on 01279 932032

If you have a dent in your car and needs to be removed, why not come and join us at Chills Body Repairs. We will do our best to remove the dent and leave you satisfied. 

If you are looking for Car Bodywork Repairs Essex, contact our Great Dunmow based garage.